Glaucoma is one of the foremost eye problems that the world is facing. There are many eye problems that affect the optic nerve and can be categorized under Glaucoma. The damage is often caused by increased intraocular pressure (fluid pressure inside the eye), leading to gradual and irreversible vision loss.
Types of Glaucoma
The main types of Glaucoma include:
Open-Angle Glaucoma: It occurs when the drainage angle of the eye is open, but the trabecular meshwork (a drainage channel) does not function efficiently, leading to a gradual increase in intraocular pressure. The increased pressure can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss if left untreated.
Angle-Closure Glaucoma: It is also known as closed-angle Glaucoma. This occurs when the drainage angle of the eye becomes blocked, resulting in a sudden and severe increase in intraocular pressure.
Normal-Tension Glaucoma: Here, optic nerve damage and visual field loss occur despite intraocular pressure remaining within the normal range.
Congenital Glaucoma: This type of Glaucoma is present at birth or develops in infancy. It is usually caused by abnormal development of the eye's drainage structures, leading to elevated intraocular pressure and potential vision problems.
Pigmentary Glaucoma: It occurs when pigment granules from the back of the iris in the eye come together in the drainage angle, leading to increased intraocular pressure.
Pseudo-exfoliation Glaucoma: Pseudo-exfoliation Glaucoma is associated with the presence of flaky, white material that builds up on various eye structures, including the lens and drainage angle, causing increased intraocular pressure.
Why choose ‘The Sight Avenue’ for Glaucoma surgery in Gurgaon?
Getting surgery for Glaucoma at ‘The Sight Avenue’ hospital in Gurgaon offers numerous advantages to the patients.
Ultra-modern technologies – We have one of the city's most cutting-edge technology for diagnosing and treating Glaucoma.
Experienced doctors – Our medical staff has experience performing surgery as well as assisting patients during the operation. Their knowledge makes dealing with patients' experiences quite simple.
Personalized Treatment – With each patient's unique needs in mind, our team of doctors and caregivers offers individualised care.
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
Symptoms of Glaucoma develops slowly and without noticeable in its early stages.
Tunnel Vision: As Glaucoma advances, the loss of peripheral vision may progress to create the sensation of looking through a tunnel or having narrowed vision.
Blurred Vision: Blurring of vision or hazy vision may occur in some cases, particularly during or after an episode of increased intraocular pressure.
Halos or Rainbow-Colored Rings: Some individuals with Glaucoma may experience halos or rainbow-coloured rings around lights, especially in low-light conditions.
Eye Pain or Discomfort: Acute angle-closure Glaucoma can cause sudden and severe eye pain, along with redness, headache, and nausea.
Red Eyes: In certain types of Glaucoma, such as angle closure or secondary Glaucoma, the eyes may appear red and irritated.
Causes of Glaucoma
Increases in intraocular pressure (IOP), or the pressure of the fluid inside the eye, are the main contributors to Glaucoma. Glaucoma is primarily brought on by:
Impaired Drainage of Aqueous Humor: Glaucoma occurs when there is a blockage or obstruction in the eye's drainage system, leading to a buildup of fluid and increased IOP.
Family History: Glaucoma tends to run in families, indicating a genetic predisposition to the condition.
Age: With ageing, the risk of developing Glaucoma increases.
Ethnicity: Asians, Hispanics as well as African-Americans have a high risk of developing primary open-angle Glaucoma than other ethnic groups.
Myopia or Hyperopia: People who have myopia or hyperopia have more chances of developing Glaucoma.
How Glaucoma can be treated?
At ‘The Sight Avenue’, the doctors aim to provide individual attention to every patient with personalized care. The type and extent of Glaucoma, as well as the patient's general eye health and medical background, each influence the therapy option. The following are the primary Glaucoma treatments:
Eye Drops: The most common initial treatment for Glaucoma involves medicated eye drops. These drops work by either reducing the production of aqueous humor or improving its drainage, thus lowering IOP.
Laser Therapy: Laser procedures, such as trabeculoplasty or iridotomy, can be used to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye and lower IOP. ‘The Sight Avenue’ is one of the best hospitals for Glaucoma Laser eye surgery in Gurgaon.
Glaucoma Surgery: In cases where eye drops and laser therapy are not effective in controlling IOP, Glaucoma surgery may be recommended. Contact the doctors at ‘The Sight Avenue’ to know more about affordable Glaucoma Treatment in Gurgaon.
Medication Implants: In certain cases, sustained-release medication implants may be placed in the eye to continuously release medication and lower IOP over an extended period.
Monitoring and Regular Eye Exams: For patients with early-stage or mild Glaucoma, close monitoring, and regular eye exams may be sufficient to track the progression of the disease and determine if treatment is necessary.
Advantages of Glaucoma Surgery in Gurgaon
Some advantages of Glaucoma surgery are:
Lowering Intraocular Pressure (IOP): This helps in stopping or lowering optic nerve damage which is important for improving Glaucoma affected eye.
Slowing or Halting Progression: By lowering IOP, Glaucoma surgery can help slow down or halt the progression of the disease.
Reducing Dependency on Medications: Glaucoma surgery can reduce the need for multiple eye drops or other Glaucoma medications, making it more convenient and cost-effective for patients.
Long-Term Efficacy: In many cases, Glaucoma surgery can provide long-term control of IOP, reducing the need for frequent follow-up visits and interventions.
Improved Quality of Life: By stabilizing or improving vision, Glaucoma surgery can enhance the quality of life for patients, allowing them to maintain independence and participate in daily activities more comfortably.