Know About the Types of Cataract and Their Surgery

Types of cataract


Cataracts are a common eye problem that affects a lot of people all over the world. As we age, the natural lens inside our eyes becomes progressively cloudy, leading to blurred vision and other visual impairments. Fortunately, advances in medical technology have made Cataract Surgery in Gurgaon a safe and effective method for restoring clear vision. In this blog, we will explore the different types of Cataract and the surgical options available to treat them.

Types of Cataracts

Age-Related Cataract:

Age-related cataracts are the most prevalent type of cataract and occur as a person ages naturally. Over time, proteins in the lens start to clump together, forming cloudy areas that interfere with vision. Symptoms may include blurry vision, difficulty seeing in low-light conditions, and increased sensitivity to glare

Congenital Cataract:

Congenital cataracts are present at birth or may develop during early childhood. They can occur due to genetic factors, infections during pregnancy (such as rubella), metabolic disorders, or trauma. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are essential to prevent long-term vision problems in children.

Traumatic Cataract:

Traumatic cataracts are caused by an injury or trauma to the eye. They can occur immediately after the injury or develop gradually over time. Common causes include direct blows to the eye, penetration of foreign objects, or exposure to intense heat or radiation. Immediate medical care is required to prevent further complications.

Secondary Cataract:

Secondary cataracts may develop as a result of other eye conditions or medical treatments. They can occur after eye surgery, such as for glaucoma or retinal detachment, or due to certain systemic diseases like diabetes. Long-term use of some medicines, like corticosteroids, can also cause secondary cataracts to form.

Major Types of Cataract Surgery

Commonly, cataract surgery is performed to remove the clouded lens and replace it with an intraocular lens (IOL). It is usually an outpatient procedure and typically takes less than 30 minutes to complete. The two primary types of cataract surgery are:


Phacoemulsification, or phaco, is the most commonly used technique for cataract removal. It involves making a small incision in the cornea and using ultrasound waves to break up the cloudy lens into tiny fragments. These fragments are then gently suctioned out of the eye. Once the natural lens is removed, the surgeon inserts the IOL through the same incision. Phacoemulsification is known for its quick recovery time and minimal postoperative discomfort.

Extracapsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE):

ECCE is an older technique that involves creating a larger incision to remove the entire cloudy lens in one piece. This method is typically used for more advanced cataracts or in cases where phacoemulsification is not feasible. After the cloudy lens is removed, the IOL is placed in the eye, and the incision is closed with stitches. ECCE generally requires a longer recovery period compared to phacoemulsification.

Advancements in Cataract Surgery

In recent years, cataract surgery techniques and technology have seen significant advancements, leading to improved outcomes and patient satisfaction. Some notable advancements include:

Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS):

FLACS is a state-of-the-art technique that uses a laser to perform key steps of cataract surgery. It provides more precise incisions, capsule openings, and fragmentation of the lens, resulting in increased accuracy and potentially better visual outcomes.

Premium Intraocular Lenses:

Traditional IOLs used in cataract surgery are monofocal, meaning they provide clear vision at a single fixed distance. However, premium IOLs, such as multifocal or accommodating lenses, can provide a range of vision, reducing the need for glasses or contact lenses after surgery. These advanced lenses offer improved vision at both near and distance vision, providing greater independence from corrective eyewear.

Minimally Invasive Cataract Surgery:

Minimally invasive techniques, such as microincision cataract surgery (MICS) and small-incision cataract surgery (SICS), have gained popularity due to their smaller incisions and faster recovery times. These techniques reduce induced astigmatism and promote quicker visual rehabilitation. Our MICS cataract surgery in Delhi is the most affordable and efficient.

What cataract surgery is the safest for you?

In the end, it will depend on your specific situation. Before making a decision, discuss the risks and benefits of each procedure with your physician and ask pertinent questions. With appropriate care and attention, cataract surgery can improve vision and quality of life.

Finally, keep in mind that prevention is always better than cure; routine eye exams are crucial for identifying potentially sight-threatening conditions early on so that they can be effectively treated. Taking these preventative measures now could save you a substantial amount of time, energy, and money in the future.

Regular eye exams are the foundation of good eye health; schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist today. If you have already been diagnosed with cataracts, speak with your doctor about the optimal surgical treatment for you. Cataract surgery can restore your vision and enhance your quality of life if performed with the necessary care and attention.


Cataracts are a common age-related condition that can significantly impact vision. Fortunately, cataract surgery has evolved into a safe and effective procedure, offering individuals the opportunity to regain clear vision and improve their quality of life. With various surgical techniques and advanced intraocular lenses available, it is crucial to consult with an experienced ophthalmologist to determine the most suitable treatment plan for your specific needs. If you or someone you know is experiencing cataract symptoms, do not hesitate to seek professional care and explore the available options for cataract surgery

Related Blog: All You Need to Know About Cataracts: Types, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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